Floaters and Lightning Flashes

Sep 18, 2020

Floater and lightning flashes are due to ageing changes in the vitreous gel of the eye. The transparent gel of the eye occupies the space in the middle of the eyeball, and is adherent to the surface of the retina (nerve layer) of the eye.




Floaters look like flies, spider webs, wavy lines or shapes that float in and out of the visual field with eye movements. They are not uncommon aft ...

Diabetic Retinopathy and Maculopathy

Sep 18, 2020

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of long-standing or poorly controlled diabetes. High blood sugar damages the small blood vessels in the retina (nerve layer) of the eye, causing patches of bleeding and leakage of proteins or fat within the retina.

There are several stages of retinopathy, and the transition from early stage to advanced retinopathy may take many years (about 10 years) . This means that there are many opportunities for early and moderate stage retinopathy to b ...

Dry eyes and Blepharitis

Sep 18, 2020

Dry eyes and blepharitis ( Chronic inflammation of the eyelids) often co-exist and are commonly seen in many individuals. Thugh they are not blinding conditions, they are common causes for eye irritation and blurring of vision.


What is Dry Eye?

    The eye needs a moist surface to function normally. Tears lubricate and contain chemicals that protect our eyes. Dry eye is a condition that occurs when our eyes produce too litt ...

Epiretinal Membrane (ERM)

Sep 18, 2020

An epiretinal membrane is a thin layer of scar tissue that grows across the central fixation point (macular) of the eye. It is a common condition and often develops in older individuals and may have no other causes than age. However, they may also be seen in individuals with other eye conditions like diabetic eye disease, vein occlusions, age-related macular degeneration and eye injury, etc.


Epiretinal membranes cause wrin ...

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